Copyright © 2017 Maria Vilhena

Maria Vilhena



Few homes are decorated with people with reduced mobility and should be adapted to ensure that equity is implemented, facilitating the lives of those who are physically incapacitated and,

consequently, making it less painful and castrating psychologically. More importantly, the space where they live and, naturally, where they should feel comfortable, gives them autonomy.

We leave you with some tips that we think might help you if you are thinking of adapting your home or even your office.

1. People who use wheelchairs, wanderers or walking sticks have difficulty moving in places with sloping floors or in spaces that have stairs. The first structural modification to be designed

and developed is to level the floor and make ramps. Remember that the amplitude of these ramps must be calculated in detail. An appropriate ramp should never be more than 8%


It is also important that the rugs are banned from the decoration and that the floor is non-slip, to avoid possible accidents.

2. Corridors and wide doors (90cm minimum) are ideal. If possible, if people who are used to this space use a wheelchair to move around, lower the window sills to 70 cm. However, special

attention should be given to the elderly and / or children in the same space.

3. Doors and windows shall have special handles and knobs. As for the doors, it is also advisable that they have a metallic protection, thus reinforcing their interior and increasing their

useful life, since, of course, the collisions of the chair with the doors are recurrent.

4. Give preference to furniture with rounded corners, thus avoiding possible injury. The cabinets should have a special design and adapted, designed for your needs, so that they can easily

reach clothing and footwear. The ideal is also to choose furniture with sliding doors, as they occupy less space and are more practical.

5. The sockets and light switches must be placed at a suitable height and reachable, ideally operated by hand controls, pushbuttons or by means of pressure or lever (depending on the

needs of each person).

6. In the bathroom, care should be redoubled as the hazards are greater. In addition to the non-slip floor, support bars with dimensions and resistance appropriate to the user and their

particularities must be provided.

7. In the kitchen, a good design should ensure safe circulation. The sinks should have a height of a maximum of 85 cm, with a height of at least 73 cm. The bench, where ideally the stove –

electric, preferably – should be in the center of this space, giving better mobility.

Of course a design of these can represent a very large investment. Despite its emerging need, it is not easy to perform. However, there are changes that can be made gradually, in order to

guarantee their safety and increase their autonomy and quality of life.

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